UN Peace Operations have proven to be one of the most productive tools of international crisis response, and an irreplaceable instrument to support world peace and security.
Since 1948, when the first mission was established in the Middle East by the Security Council, more than 70 peace operations have been deployed, involving thousands of Police Officers, military Personnel and civilians coming from more than 120 countries. Unfortunately, about 3.000 of those peace operators died in the line on duty.
Many years have passed, and lessons learned from the field guided several reforms, helping the international community to ameliorate the organization and the sustainability of field missions, lowering their side-impacts in crisis areas and empowering the respect of Human Rights.
In 2018 Secretary-General Gutiérres launched his “Action for Peacekeeping” Initiative. The “A4P” aims at enhancing peace missions in all their aspects, investing in new technologies (as we displayed in our Magazine nr. 3-2018), in political support, enhanced training, stronger discipline and safety and security of blue helmets to ensure that peacekeepers are able to perform their tasks in situations which are increasingly marked by complex old and new dangers, such as the modern asymmetric threats.
The challenge requires a great effort coming from all stakeholders, but the outcome could be rewarding. CoESPU, on its side, continues to focus on the implementation of UN modern standards within its Courses curricula and in its capacity of think tank, as a center for advanced studies and doctrinal hub, contributes to shape new trends and doctrine development.
A brand new challenge was launched by the UN Security Council Resolution nr 2436 (2018), focusing on the now widely recognized need to develop a comprehensive and integrated performance policy framework, in order to identify performance standards for evaluating all UN Peace personnel, both civilian and uniformed, facilitating the full implementation of mandates. CoESPU, devoted to its commitment, gathered that mandate and, alongside with the UN Police Division and the Integrated Training Service, has already undertaken this new route partaking in the “Training Architecture Workshop” in Brindisi on June 2019, and providing to latest Course attendees documents containing the new UN Standard Operating Procedures for the Assessment and Evaluation of FPU Performance.
In this second issue of 2019 of the CoESPU Magazine, we provide an overview on new challenges in modern Peace Operations. First and foremost, the UN Police Adviser Luis Carrilho grants an exclusive interview on the matter, talking about efficiency of UN Police activity, the role of contributing Countries etcetera. Among the others eminent contributions, Maj. Marina Bizzotto and Mr. Alessio Re provide studies on new challenges such as Environmental and Cultural Heritage Protections. Gian Luca Beruto, on his side, gives a detailed analysis on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programmes in post-conflict environments. Maj. Sutto, CoESPU HR Chair, offers an overview on the many aspects related the Use of Force in current UN Peace Operations and the relevant role of UN Police.
Wishing you a pleasant reading, please let my invite you all to interact with CoESPU Social Media and to get in touch with the Magazine editorial staff to explore the chance, if you wish, to offer written contributions to next numbers, becoming active members of our Stability Policing Community.
BG Giovanni Pietro Barbano
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