Over the last few years, the international Peace Community, ushered in its efforts by the UN guidance, has identified the concepts of “Monitoring, Mentoring, Advising and Training” (MMA&T) as distinct, yet possibly interconnected, key tools to the international Police capacity building and development strategies in order to eventually ferry the local Institutions towards a complete and sustainable self-sufficiency.
Consistently with this vision, the UN Departments of Peace Operations and of Field Support have widely addressed this topic in the so-called Strategic Guidance Framework for UN Police, transversally across the “Policy” publication, and more specifically in the descending “Guidelines on Police Capacity Building and Development”. Moreover, at the end of 2018, in line with this trend, the UN Security Council, with the Resolution 2447/18, stressed “the critical importance of strengthening Police, Justice and Correction elements in peacekeeping missions[…] to assist national government in stabilizing the situation, extend state authority, end impunity, protect civilians […] and build and sustain Peace”.
In this perspective, in order to operationalize the abovementioned Guidelines, in 2017 the UN Police Division drawn up – with the contribution, among the others, of CoESPU’s Subject Matter Experts – a thematic Manual on “Police Monitoring, Mentoring and Advising in Peace Operations”. Indeed, following a logical and chronological path, this publication gives practical advice to Police practitioners committed to International Peace Operations on how to firstly properly identify in the host-States the relevant security aspects to monitor and, subsequently, to convert the monitoring outcomes in programmatic interventions, primarily developable by means of mentoring or advising programmes – depending on the level of engagement. A further and constant element to this process towards local-ownership is represented by the training provided in favour of and in cooperation with local personnel.
In this context, the Carabinieri Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU), from its side, offers several relevant cutting-edge educational activities. More specifically, amongst the various endeavours undertaken in this direction, it is worth to mention the “MMA&T” Course–organized within the “European Union Police and Civilian Services Training” (EUPCST) programme–whose curriculum focuses on the role of the “new-generation” advisors and mentors, their assignment and relationship with mentee and advisee, as well as on how to identify local actors and coordinate with them in the outline of Peace Operations’ capacity building processes.
Furthermore, as a follow-up to the 1st “International Conference on Strategic Advising in Police Capacity Building and Development - Lessons Learnt and Best Practices”, held at CoESPU in November 2019, a brand new course, designed for Police Advisers working at the Institutional level, will be launched in 2020.
Against this background, this issue of the CoESPU Magazine presents noteworthy features on those challenging matters. In details, among other contributions, Robert A. Pulver analyses the Evolving Role of Rule of Law Support in United Nations Peace Operations, while Annalisa Creta describes some lessons learned related to the training for mentors and advisors. Additionally, Claudia Croci goes into details of well-being in peacekeeping operations, whereas Karla P. Riberio delivers a study on Human Rights perspective in Latin American Police.
Wishing you a pleasant reading, let me take this chance to invite you all to examine the opportunity to become a contributor to our Stability Policing Journal, by submitting your pieces that could be possibly published in future editions.
BG Giovanni Pietro BARBANO
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